English » 70002 Introduction to General Linguistics Ι

70002 Introduction to General Linguistics Ι


Eleni Sella



3 hours per week

Course Objectives

The aim of the course is to introduce students to the scientific study of Language as a means for communicating human experience, for expressing the world-view of a linguistic community, and means for transferring its culture. Students understand the principles of the structure of world languages, including Greek and Turkish. In other words, on the one hand, to realise that every language is governed by the notions of System and by the double articulation, as well as by the notion of Value in language -paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations, as well as the distinction between linguistic and extra-linguistic realities and between Langue and Languages on the other, and thus to introduce students to the world of linguistic analysis by helping them also to detect similarities and differences in the structure of the languages of the world. Basic notions of General Linguistics, such as the linguistic sign and its attributes, diachrony and synchrony, langue and parole, as well as, linguistic universals, and the distinction between langue and languages, combined with an introduction to the Typology of Languages will help students to enter the world of the scientific study of language, distinguishing, and at the same time combining, languages and langue.

Course Structure

1. Linguistics: Subject, Methodology, Fields

2. History of Linguistics, Modern Linguistics: F. de Saussure

3. Double articulation: linear form and phonetic character, double articulation and linguistic economy, every language has its own articulation, number of monemes and phonemes.

4. Language: Discourse functions.

5. Language and extra-linguistic reality: languages do not copy reality, each language is a mirror, arbitrariness of structures, language does not delimit attitude.

6. Semiotic nature of language: Texture of the linguistic sign.

7. Attributes and aspects of the linguistic sign.

8. Language as a system of relations: language structure as a system, nature of linguistic relations, syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations.

9. Ferdinand de Saussure's Theory (overview).

10. Language: Langue – Parole and Style. Synchrony and Diachrony in Language.

11. Langue and Languages: The linguistic process as an act of organisation or reflection of the reality, Linguistic Universals according to G. Mounin and the transfer of meaning from a linguistic community to another.

12. Typology of languages: List of typological characteristics, non-semantic elements: phonemes; semantic elements: monemes, semantic-grammatic categories, syntactic behaviour.

13. Typology and taxonomies of languages. The Turkish language.



Final written examination (100%) and/or optional written assignment (30% of the final grade).


Α. Basic

The following textbooks and course notes are proposed:

Μπαμπινιώτης, Γ., Θεωρητική Γλωσσολογία, Αθήνα, 1980 Β' εκδ. 1998.

Mounin, G., Κλειδιά για τη Γλωσσολογία, μτφ. Αναστασιάδη - Συμεωνίδη, Α., Μορφ. Ιδρ. Eθν. Τραπέζης, Αθήνα, 1984.


Β. Indicative

In Greek

Crystal, D., The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language, Cambridge Univ. Press, (1987), Cambridge, 1994.

Κλαίρης, Χ., Θέματα Γενικής Γλωσσολογίας, μτφ. Φ-Καβουκόπουλος, Νεφέλη, Αθήνα, 1990.

Chomsky, N., Για τη φύση και τη γλώσσα, μτφ. Γ. Κοτζόγλου, επιμ. Χρ. Χαραλαμπάκης, Παπαδήμα, Αθήνα, 2004.

Lυονσ, J., Εισαγωγή στη Θεωρητική Γλωσσολογία, μτφ. Α. Αναστασιάδη- Συμεωνίδη, Ζ. Γαβριηλίδου, Α Ευθυμίου, Μεταίχμιο, Αθήνα, 2002.

Martinet, Α., Στοιχεία Γενικής Γλωσσολογίας, μτφ. Α.Χαραλαμπόπουλος, Iνστ. Nεoελλ. Σπoυδών, Θεσ/νικη, 1976.

Μια πολυεπιστημovική θεώρηση της γλώσσας, συλλογικός τόμος, Παν/κες εκδόσεις Κρήτης, Εκδόσεις Πανεπιστημίου Πατρών, Ηράκλειο, 1995.

Μπαμπινιώτης, Γ., Θεωρητική Γλωσσολογία, Αθήνα, 1980 Β' εκδ. 1998.

Πετρούνιας, Ε., Νεοελληνική Γραμματική και Συγκριτική Ανάλυση, μέρος Α', University Studio Press, Θεσ/νικη, 1984.

Robins, R.H., Σύντομη Ιστορία της Γλωσσολογίας, μτφ. Moυδoπoύλoυ Α., Νεφέλη, Αθήνα, 1989.

Saussure,  F. De, Μαθήματα Γενικής Γλωσσολογίας, μτφ. Αποστολόπουλου Α.,Aθήvα,1979 Παπαζήση.

Τριανταφυλλίδης, Μ., Άπαvτα, Αριστοτέλειο Παν/μιο Θεσσαλονίκης, Ινστιτούτο Νεοελληνικών Σπουδών, Θεσ/κη.

Χειλά - Μαρκοπούλου, Δ., Στοιχεία (αρθρωτικής) Φωvητικής και (δομικής) Φωvoλoyίας, Αθήνα, 1985 (Παν/κες σημειώσεις)

Χατζιδάκις, Γ., Μεσαιωνικά και Νέα Ελληνικά (2 τομ.), Πελεκάνος, Αθήνα, 1905-1907.

Σελλά-Μάζη, Ε., Στοιχεία Αντιπαραβολικής Γραμματικής Ελληνικής-Τουρκικής, Παπαζήση, Αθήνα, 2004 (α' εκδ. ΟΕΔΒ, 1994).


In other languages

Aitchison, Ι., Linguistics, Hodder & Stoughton, London, 1992 (1978).

Benveniste, Ε., Problèmes de Linguistique Générale Ι & ΙΙ, Gallimard. Paris, 1966/1974.

Bloomfield, Ι., An Introduction to the Study of Language, J. Benjamins, Amsterdam, 1983.

Buchler, H., Linguistik Ι. Tubingen. 1972.

Comrie, Β., Language Universals and Linguistic Typology, Blackwell, Oxford, 1989.

Croft, W., Typology and Universals, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993 (1990).

Crystal, D., The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994.

Dubois, G., Guespin, C. & J.B. Marcellesi, M., Dictionnaire de la linguistique, Larousse, Paris, 1973.

Dressler, W., Einführung in die Textlinguistik, Tübingen, Niemeyer, Verlag, 1973.

Ducrot, O. , Todorov T., Dictionnaire encyclopédique des sciences du langage, Seuil. Paris, 1972.

François, F., Linguistique, PUF, Paris, 1982.

Jakobson, Ν., Essais de Linguistique Générale, ed. de Minuit, Paris, 1963.

Katzner, K., The Languages of the World, Routledge, London, 1986.

Malherbe, Μ., Les langages de l’humanité, Seghers, Paris, 1983.

Troubetzkou, N., Principes de phonologie, Klencksieck, Paris, 1976.

Wallwork, JF., Language and Linguistics. Heinemannαn, ed. Books, London, 1978.

Siouffi, G., Van Raemdonck, D., 100 Fiches pour comprendre la Linguistique, Breal, Rosny, 1999.